叛逆難教

2018.06.29


家長最大的煩惱,是子女不聽教不聽話。動詞obey即服從、聽話;disobedient就是不服從的、不聽話的。


一、She spoke with the tone of a mother to a disobedient child.(她說話時,用的是母親對不聽話的孩子說話的語氣。)


二、They were never merciful to disobedient members.(對不服從的成員,他們從不寬恕。


說孩子「百厭」、頑皮、淘氣,喜歡作弄人家,但沒有惡意,可以用mischievous或naughty:


三、The mischievous children hid from their parents when it was time to go home.(要回家的時候,頑皮的孩子躲起來不讓父母找到。)


四、The naughty schoolboy threw a snowball at his teacher.(頑皮學生向老師擲雪球。)


如果用naughty來形容一個成年人或者他的行為,是調皮的說法,指他在處理男女關係上不檢點,或者不「正經」。


孩子漸漸長大,會開始反叛,不肯接受約束;這可叫rebellious或defiant:


五、Many parents find their children rebellious when they reach adolescence.(很多家長發現子女踏入青春期便會反叛。)


Defiant有不服氣的、要反抗的意思,如:


六、She turned towards me with a defiant look.(她轉過來以不服氣的眼光望我。)


另一組近義詞是wilful、headstrong、refractory和wayward。說一個人wilful,即是說他很任性、固執,不肯聽別人勸告;headstrong和wilful差不多,即堅持己見,不管是否有道理;說一個人refractory,是指他自把自為、很難駕馭或應付;wayward更惡劣,故步自封、目中無人,完全不顧他人的意見和感受。


七、She was always wilful, even as a child.(她自小已很任性。)


八、His headstrong insistence on driving despite dangerous weather conditions put everybody in jeopardy.(他固執地堅持在惡劣天氣中駕駛,危及所有人。)


九、James was a refractory and disobedient child from the very cradle.(詹姆士從搖籃裏開始已經是難教的不聽話的孩子。)


十、Their wayward son came home begging for forgiveness for his past misdemeanours.(他們任性的兒子回到家裏,乞求寬恕他過去的不當行為。)


上面的形容詞wilful,用來形容行為,指惡意的、故意造成傷害的,例如wilful damage是蓄意破壞,wilful neglect是故意的疏忽,wilful murder是蓄意謀殺。


不論是孩子或者成年人,沒有秩序、不守規矩、難以管教,都可以叫做unruly、disorderly或undisciplined:


十一、The new teacher is unable to deal with the unruly class.(新教師應付不了那難管的班級。)


十二、The meeting was disrupted by disorderly members.(會議被破壞秩序的議員打斷。)


十三、A group of noisy and undisciplined students refused to go into the classroom.(一群吵鬧不守秩序的學生不肯進入課室。)


至於在一個機構裏不服從上級的指揮,抗命、犯上,可用recalcitrant或insubordinate:


十四、A few recalcitrant members can make it very difficult for the chairman to maintain order.(幾個不受管的議員就可以令主席難以維持秩序。)


十五、I cannot allow any team member, no matter how able, to be insubordinate.(我不能容許有任何隊員不聽命令,不論他多能幹。)

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